WASHINGTON — The United States and Turkey agreed Thursday to end Turkish operations against Syrian Kurdish forces that once supported the United States, what President Donald Trump called a “great day for civilization,” while condemning criticism as a capitulation to Turkish demands. The United States and Turkey today announced a landmark agreement that ended a week of hostilities in the border region of Syria: in May 2013, Erdogan visited the White House and met with Obama, who said the visit was an opportunity to “make the exceptional hospitality that the Prime Minister and the Turkish people gave him for four years during his visit to Turkey.”  At their joint press conference, both Obama and Erdogan stressed the importance of achieving stability in Syria. Erdogan said that “Syria is at the top of the agenda” during his stay with Obama and that Obama reiterated the U.S. plan to support the Assad opposition while exerting “stable international pressure.”  When they did not discuss threats to national security, Obama and Erdogan discussed the development of economic relations between the two countries; Turkey had received more than $50 billion in foreign investment, of which $20 billion came from the United States.  In 2003, there was only $8 billion in U.S. investment in Turkey; Erdogan and Obama both welcomed the recent increase and agreed to further develop trade and investment agreements between the two countries.   Erdogan`s visit culminated in discussions on stability in the region. Obama stressed the importance of normalizing relations between Turkey and Israel and praised Erdogan`s actions in the process. The process of normalizing relations between Turkey and Israel had begun and Erdogan said he would continue this process: “We don`t need any other problems, problems in the region.”   The friendship between the United States and Turkey dates back to 1831, when the United States established diplomatic relations with the Ottoman Empire. After World War I and the creation of the Turkish Republic, the United States established diplomatic relations with the Republic of Turkey in 1927. The economic and technical cooperation agreement – signed on 12 July 1947 between the United States and Turkey – advanced relations.
The agreement implemented Truman`s doctrine and policy “to support free peoples who oppose an attempt at submission by armed minorities or external pressure.” The United States condemned the July 15, 2016 coup attempt in Turkey, and the United States continues to stress the importance of the Turkish government maintaining policies and measures to strengthen public confidence in the country`s democratic institutions and rule of law and to respect human rights obligations. Turkey is an important NATO ally and critical regional partner, and the United States is committed to improving relations between our two countries. It is in our interest to keep Turkey anchored in the Euro-Atlantic community. Cavusoglu said there were violations of the agreement between Turkey and the United States regarding northern Syria. Pence called the ceasefire agreement, although Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu called it a “pause in Turkey`s operation” and a “non-ceasefire.” On Wednesday, Turkey`s foreign minister said there were violations of the agreement between Turkey and the United States on northern Syria and that he had communicated it to his American counterpart. Turkey risked a nuclear war on its soil during the missile crisis. It was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, sparked by the American discovery of the use of Soviet missiles in Cuba. In response to the failed 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion and the presence of US missiles from Jupiter in Italy and Turkey, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev accepted Cuba`s request to place nuclear missiles on the island to deter future invasion.